How easily is SARS-CoV-2 transmitted in educational settings?

Bottom Line: Educational settings might not contribute significantly to the spread of COVID-19 when there are effective contact-tracing measures and smaller class sizes. Reference: Macartney, K. et al. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Australian educational settings: a prospective cohort study. The Lancet (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30251-0 Date Published: 3 August 2020 Synopsis: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many [...]

Does wearing face masks and facial coverings reduce face-touching behaviour among individuals?

Bottom Line: This study found that when individuals wear face masks, their face-touching behaviours are reduced overall, which may help prevent the spread of COVID-19 in public areas. Reference: Chen, Y-J. et al. Comparison of Face-Touching Behaviors Before and During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic. JAMA Network Open (2020). https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16924 Date Published: 29 July 2020 Synopsis: [...]

Does the increased use of digital devices during COVID-19 lockdown impact the development of myopia in children?

Bottom Line: This study found that the COVID-19 pandemic could potentially inflate the association between factors including increased digital screen time, near work, and limited outdoor activities, and the development of myopia. Reference: Wong, C.W. et al. Digital Screen Time During COVID-19 Pandemic: Risk for a Further Myopia Boom? Am J Ophthalmol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.07.034 Date Published: [...]

What is the risk of transmitting COVID-19 to newborns?

Bottom Line: The risk of transmission of COVID-19 from mothers to newborns is low when proper masking and hand hygiene is practiced. Reference: Salvatore, C. et al. Neonatal management and outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: An observation cohort study. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/s2352-4642(20)30235-2 Date Published: 23 July 2020 Synopsis: The risk of a newborn [...]

What were the characteristics of nursing homes in the U.S. that reported cases of COVID-19?

Bottom Line: While nursing homes that reported COVID-19 cases had similar overall ratings to those that did not, nursing homes that reported COVID-19 did have a higher average of reported incidents and complaints. Reference: Chatterjee, P. et al. Characteristics and quality of US nursing homes reporting cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). JAMA Network Open (2020). https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16930 Date [...]

How does COVID-19 affect the central nervous system with regards to speech and language?

Bottom Line: The COVID-19 disease may be associated with unusual speech distortions leading to foreign accent syndrome. Reference: Cotelli, M. S. et al. Effortful speech with distortion of prosody following SARS-Cov-2 infection. Neurological Sciences (2020).  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10072-020-04603-2 Date Published: 19 July 2020 Synopsis: The COVID-19 infection has been reported to target the central nervous system, leading to the manifestations [...]

How has COVID-19 affected the diagnosis of cancer?

Bottom Line: This study found that due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there would be an increase in the number of avoidable deaths due to breast, esophageal, lung, and colorectal cancer. Reference: Maringe, C. et al. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer deaths due to delays in diagnosis in England, UK: a national, population-based, [...]

What factors influence how easily SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted between individuals?

Bottom Line: Three factors were shown to decrease how easily SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted across the United States: lower population density, temperate climate and social distancing. Reference: Rubin, D. et al. Association of Social Distancing, Population Density, and Temperature With the Instantaneous Reproduction Number of SARS-CoV-2 in Counties Across the United States. JAMA Network Open (2020). https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16099 [...]

What were the knowledge, concerns, and behaviours of Italy residents during the first week of the COVID-19 pandemic?

Bottom Line: During the first week of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, people were well informed and had a stable level of worries that were positively associated with cognitive rigidity and emotional instability. Reference: Pagnini, F. et al. Knowledge, Concerns, and Behaviors of Individuals During the First Week of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in [...]