12 Fraught Hours with EMTs in a City Under Siege

Date Published: April 1, 2020

Source: The New York Times

Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) from the Fire Department in Paterson, New Jersey are working tirelessly to battle the surge of COVID-19 cases in this poor industrial town, less than an hour from New York City. At a population just shy of 150,000 this town has already seen 620 confirmed cases, 100 of which are currently occupying beds in the town’s 650-bed hospital [...]

Some Coronavirus Patients Show Signs of Brain Ailments

Date Published: April 1, 2020

Source: The New York Times

A small portion of patients with severe COVID-19 have also developed brain impairments such as headaches, inflammation, numbness, and seizures. These symptoms may indicate that in some cases, the virus has the ability to enter the brain [...]

UN General Assembly to decide on rival COVID-19 resolutions

Date Published: April 1, 2020

Source: CP24

The WHO has taken action and has gathered all 193 member states at the U.N. General Assembly.  Currently there stands two rival resolutions, divided no less by political lines. The first with 135 co-sponsors the second with 58 co-sponsors.  The second is headed by the Russian Federation, Central African Republic, Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela [...]

In some states, coronavirus measures are effectively banning abortion

Date Published: April 1, 2020

Source: Washington Post

In an effort to free up health resources to fight COVID-19 physicians and hospitals across the world are canceling elective, that is nonessential, surgeries and procedures. However, some states in the US, such as Ohio, Texas, Mississippi, and Kentucky, are using this as a means of halting abortions by labelling them as nonessential services [...]

Should you wear a face mask? Coronavirus prompts debate over effectiveness

Date Published: March 31, 2020

Source: Global News

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to grow in North America, there is controversy regarding the role that face masks have to play in the spread of the virus. Prominent Canadian public health officers, including Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada’s chief public health officer, maintains that while facemasks can reduce the spread of COVID-19 when worn by someone already infected, it does little for healthy individuals [...]

Does vitamin D deficiency affect mortality in patients with acute respiratory failure caused by COVID-19?

Bottom Line: In 42 consecutive patients with acute respiratory failure from COVID-19, it was found that severe vitamin D deficiency increased the chance of mortality from the virus. Reference: Carpagnano, G.E. et al. Vitamin D deficiency as a predictor of poor prognosis in patients with acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19. J Endocrinol Invest (2020). [...]

Does personal resilience, social support, and organisational support have an influence on COVID-19-related anxiety in frontline nurses?

Bottom Line: It is important to consider organisational support, social support, and personal resilience to reduce anxiety levels in healthcare providers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Reference: Labrague, L.J. et al. COVID‐19 anxiety among frontline nurses: predictive role of organisational support, personal resilience and social support. Journal of Nursing Management (2020). Date Published: 8 August [...]

How has the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the mental health of patients with bulimia nervosa?

Bottom Line: Approximately half of the patients in the study reported a deterioration of the symptoms of their eating disorder since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Reference: Schlegl, S. et al. Bulimia nervosa in times of the COVID-19 pandemic— Results from an online survey of former inpatients. Eur Eat Disorders Res (2020). Date [...]

How easily is SARS-CoV-2 transmitted in educational settings?

Bottom Line: Educational settings might not contribute significantly to the spread of COVID-19 when there are effective contact-tracing measures and smaller class sizes. Reference: Macartney, K. et al. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Australian educational settings: a prospective cohort study. The Lancet (2020). Date Published: 3 August 2020 Synopsis: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused many [...]

Does wearing face masks and facial coverings reduce face-touching behaviour among individuals?

Bottom Line: This study found that when individuals wear face masks, their face-touching behaviours are reduced overall, which may help prevent the spread of COVID-19 in public areas. Reference: Chen, Y-J. et al. Comparison of Face-Touching Behaviors Before and During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic. JAMA Network Open (2020). Date Published: 29 July 2020 Synopsis: [...]

Does the increased use of digital devices during COVID-19 lockdown impact the development of myopia in children?

Bottom Line: This study found that the COVID-19 pandemic could potentially inflate the association between factors including increased digital screen time, near work, and limited outdoor activities, and the development of myopia. Reference: Wong, C.W. et al. Digital Screen Time During COVID-19 Pandemic: Risk for a Further Myopia Boom? Am J Ophthalmol (2020). Date Published: [...]

What is the risk of transmitting COVID-19 to newborns?

Bottom Line: The risk of transmission of COVID-19 from mothers to newborns is low when proper masking and hand hygiene is practiced. Reference: Salvatore, C. et al. Neonatal management and outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic: An observation cohort study. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health (2020). Date Published: 23 July 2020 Synopsis: The risk of a newborn [...]

What were the characteristics of nursing homes in the U.S. that reported cases of COVID-19?

Bottom Line: While nursing homes that reported COVID-19 cases had similar overall ratings to those that did not, nursing homes that reported COVID-19 did have a higher average of reported incidents and complaints. Reference: Chatterjee, P. et al. Characteristics and quality of US nursing homes reporting cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). JAMA Network Open (2020). Date [...]

How does COVID-19 affect the central nervous system with regards to speech and language?

Bottom Line: The COVID-19 disease may be associated with unusual speech distortions leading to foreign accent syndrome. Reference: Cotelli, M. S. et al. Effortful speech with distortion of prosody following SARS-Cov-2 infection. Neurological Sciences (2020). Date Published: 19 July 2020 Synopsis: The COVID-19 infection has been reported to target the central nervous system, leading to the manifestations [...]