What mental health interventions would be most effective in supporting health professionals, patients, and the general public during pandemics like COVID-19?

Bottom Line: Mental health implementations that take into account cultural differences and empower individuals with social opportunities may be effective during medical pandemics. Reference: Soklaridis, S. et al. Mental health interventions and supports during COVID- 19 and other medical pandemics: A rapid systematic review of the evidence. General Hospital Psychiatry (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2020.08.007 Date Published: 22 August 2020 [...]

Does the administration of tocilizumab reduce hospital-related mortality for COVID-19 patients in the ICU?

Bottom Line: This study looked at 764 COVID-19 patients in the ICU and found that administration of tocilizumab, a potential treatment, reduced hospital-related mortality from the virus. Reference: Biran, N. et al. Tocilizumab among patients with COVID-19 in the intensive care unit: a multicentre observational study. The Lancet Rheumatology (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/S2665-9913(20)30277-0   Date Published: 14 August 2020 [...]

Do more in-person healthcare visits increase the risk of COVID-19 infection among pregnant women?

Bottom Line: In a group of pregnant women, those who had a higher number of in-person health care appointments did not have higher rates of COVID-19 infection. Reference: Reale, S. C. et al. Association Between Number of In-Person Health Care Visits and SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Obstetrical Patients. JAMA Network (2020). https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.15242 Date Published: 14 August 2020 Synopsis: [...]

Should COVID-19 patients be treated with low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)?

Bottom Line: The study concluded that intermediate doses of LMWH in COVID-19 patients is feasible and safe, even in elderly patients with chronic kidney disease. Reference: Mattioli, M. et al. Safety of intermediate dose of low molecular weight heparin in COVID-19 patients. J Throm Thrombolysis (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11239-020-02243-z Date Published: 13 August 2020 Synopsis: Based on past autopsy studies, [...]

Does vitamin D deficiency affect mortality in patients with acute respiratory failure caused by COVID-19?

Bottom Line: In 42 consecutive patients with acute respiratory failure from COVID-19, it was found that severe vitamin D deficiency increased the chance of mortality from the virus. Reference: Carpagnano, G.E. et al. Vitamin D deficiency as a predictor of poor prognosis in patients with acute respiratory failure due to COVID-19. J Endocrinol Invest (2020). [...]

Does personal resilience, social support, and organisational support have an influence on COVID-19-related anxiety in frontline nurses?

Bottom Line: It is important to consider organisational support, social support, and personal resilience to reduce anxiety levels in healthcare providers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Reference: Labrague, L.J. et al. COVID‐19 anxiety among frontline nurses: predictive role of organisational support, personal resilience and social support. Journal of Nursing Management (2020). https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.13121 Date Published: 8 August [...]

How has the COVID-19 pandemic impacted the mental health of patients with bulimia nervosa?

Bottom Line: Approximately half of the patients in the study reported a deterioration of the symptoms of their eating disorder since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Reference: Schlegl, S. et al. Bulimia nervosa in times of the COVID-19 pandemic— Results from an online survey of former inpatients. Eur Eat Disorders Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2773 Date [...]

Does wearing face masks and facial coverings reduce face-touching behaviour among individuals?

Bottom Line: This study found that when individuals wear face masks, their face-touching behaviours are reduced overall, which may help prevent the spread of COVID-19 in public areas. Reference: Chen, Y-J. et al. Comparison of Face-Touching Behaviors Before and During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic. JAMA Network Open (2020). https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16924 Date Published: 29 July 2020 Synopsis: [...]

Does the increased use of digital devices during COVID-19 lockdown impact the development of myopia in children?

Bottom Line: This study found that the COVID-19 pandemic could potentially inflate the association between factors including increased digital screen time, near work, and limited outdoor activities, and the development of myopia. Reference: Wong, C.W. et al. Digital Screen Time During COVID-19 Pandemic: Risk for a Further Myopia Boom? Am J Ophthalmol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2020.07.034 Date Published: [...]