Does wearing face masks and facial coverings reduce face-touching behaviour among individuals?

Bottom Line: This study found that when individuals wear face masks, their face-touching behaviours are reduced overall, which may help prevent the spread of COVID-19 in public areas. Reference: Chen, Y-J. et al. Comparison of Face-Touching Behaviors Before and During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic. JAMA Network Open (2020). Date Published: 29 July 2020 Synopsis: [...]

Does the increased use of digital devices during COVID-19 lockdown impact the development of myopia in children?

Bottom Line: This study found that the COVID-19 pandemic could potentially inflate the association between factors including increased digital screen time, near work, and limited outdoor activities, and the development of myopia. Reference: Wong, C.W. et al. Digital Screen Time During COVID-19 Pandemic: Risk for a Further Myopia Boom? Am J Ophthalmol (2020). Date Published: [...]

How has COVID-19 affected the diagnosis of cancer?

Bottom Line: This study found that due to the COVID-19 pandemic, there would be an increase in the number of avoidable deaths due to breast, esophageal, lung, and colorectal cancer. Reference: Maringe, C. et al. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on cancer deaths due to delays in diagnosis in England, UK: a national, population-based, [...]

What factors influence how easily SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted between individuals?

Bottom Line: Three factors were shown to decrease how easily SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted across the United States: lower population density, temperate climate and social distancing. Reference: Rubin, D. et al. Association of Social Distancing, Population Density, and Temperature With the Instantaneous Reproduction Number of SARS-CoV-2 in Counties Across the United States. JAMA Network Open (2020). [...]

What were the knowledge, concerns, and behaviours of Italy residents during the first week of the COVID-19 pandemic?

Bottom Line: During the first week of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy, people were well informed and had a stable level of worries that were positively associated with cognitive rigidity and emotional instability. Reference: Pagnini, F. et al. Knowledge, Concerns, and Behaviors of Individuals During the First Week of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in [...]

Does treatment with hydroxychloroquine either alone or in combination with azithromycin improve symptoms in patients with mild to moderate COVID-19?

Bottom Line: The study found no significant difference in clinical status in patients that were given hydroxychloroquine alone or in combination with azithromycin. Reference: Cavalcanti, A.B. et al. Hydroxychloroquine with or without Azithromycin in Mild-to-Moderate Covid-19. New England Journal of Medicine (2020). Date Published: 23 July 2020 Synopsis: In a previous study with a small [...]

Does having diabetes increase the risk of ICU admission and death?

Bottom Line: Diabetes does not increase the risk of death from COVID-19, but is associated with increased ICU admission, in addition to other outcomes. Reference: Al-Salameh, A. et al. Characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 in hospitalized patients with and without diabetes. Diabetes/Metabolism Research & Review (2020). Date Published: 19 July 2020 Synopsis: This study looked [...]

What factors put critically ill patients more at risk of dying from COVID-19?

Bottom Line: Multiple factors lead to a higher risk of death in critically ill patients with COVID-19, including older age, higher body mass index (BMI), active cancer, organ dysfunction, and being admitted to a hospital with fewer ICU beds. Reference: Gupta, S. et al. Factors Associated With Death in Critically Ill Patients With Coronavirus Disease [...]

How does COVID-19 fear and anxiety affect chemotherapy adherence in patients with cancer?

Bottom Line: This study finds that COVID-19 related fear and anxiety increases chemotherapy postponement rates. Reference: Karacin, C. et al. How does COVID-19 fear and anxiety affect chemotherapy adherence in patients with cancer. Future Oncology (2020). Date Published: 17 July 2020 Synopsis: Discontinuation of chemotherapy (CT) is detrimental to treatment effectiveness for cancer patients. It [...]